Coordinated Voltage Control for Conservation Voltage Reduction in Power Distribution Systems

Primary Author: Rahul Jha

Faculty Sponsor: Anamika Dubey


Primary College/Unit: Voiland College of Engineering and Architecture

Category: Engineering and Environmental Science

Campus: Pullman




Principle Topic

An efficient operation of the distribution grid can be achieved using network-level optimization modeled as a distribution optimal power flow (D-OPF) problem. However, the variable power generation profiles of distributed energy resources (DERs) may render the optimal control decisions that are obtained in advance using D-OPF methods to sub-optimal.



For conservation voltage reduction (CVR), a coordinated centralized and local control approach is developed that simultaneously achieves the network-level objective, while mitigating the impacts of DERs variability on optimal control set-points. The centralized controller solves a D-OPF problem for substation power reduction using a bi-level approach to control the system’s legacy voltage control devices (voltage regulator and capacitor banks) and smart inverters. A penalty successive linear programming (PSLP) approach is used to obtain a computationally tractable D-OPF model. Next, an adaptive volt-var droop control for the local control of smart inverters is proposed to minimize the voltage deviations (due to DERs variability) with respect to the centralized control set-points.



The proposed coordinated control approach is validated using the modified IEEE 123-node test system which has four voltage regulators, four capacitor banks and twenty-six DERs.  The results show that the proposed control simultaneously reduces the power consumption from the substation to achieve CVR objective and voltage violations due to DERs variability.