Academic Showcase Example | Creative Abstract
Form Follows Subject: Design Begins with an Intent
By Cho, KyeongSook
Representation of a form juxtaposes the dual aspects of concrete and abstract aspects of reality. The Italian word “Designo” means intent. It is the intent–the truth or essence of the thought–that constitutes the real values of a designed object. The abstract concept is the essential: more real than physical reality. 1)
The two creative dresses, “Hidden beauty” and “The life in your eyes,” demonstrate the theory that form follows subject. Creation of “Hidden…” emanated from the question of where beauty is. The emphasis on outside beauty results in neglect of the whole person. This design reveals a message that a person cannot be considered truly beautiful without inner beauty.
“The Life…” conveys that only eyes with truth, goodness, and beauty allow us to stand firmly in the middle of the complex journey of life. The circular shapes incorporated in the dress represent the physical reality of the human eyes. The light color palette utilized is symbolic of the bright side of life.
These fabrics were developed using free motion stitches, creating a soft yet sharp contrast of textures. The variation in stitch density resulting from this technique reveals the wearer’s skin, a hidden beauty. Through the projects, she acknowledged the necessity not only to observe the appearance of an object but also to extract its true nature into a form.
1) Acevedo, C., Blossom, N., Melcher, M. (2005). Engaging meaning in the built environment through the design process. Unpublished manuscript.
Academic Showcase Example | Scientific Abstract
Diffusion of Drugs Through Human Skin via Transdermal Patches
By Manoranjan, Valipuram S.
The permeability of human skin has been studied for many years and yet it is still incompletely understood. The skin is a unique organ in that it acts as a shield to the body protecting it from environmental toxins. This shield, so to speak, is made up of three layers; the stratum corneum, or horny layer, the epidermis and the dermis. The upper most layer, the stratum corneum is the most impermeable of all the layers. It is suggested that once a drug can diffuse through the stratum corneum layer the drug will easily diffuse through the other two layers. Thus, the topic under study is that of diffusion through the stratum corneum.
Each drug has a different chemical structure to it. Some of these structures are more permeable than others. For example, drugs of high water and oil solubility tend to be more permeable to the skin than drugs with low water and oil solubility. The permeability of skin is also highly pH dependent. Due to these unique characteristics of the skin, diffusion of drugs through it has become a difficult process.
The diffusion model described in this research can, and has, been applied to several different types of drugs, such as nicotine, herbal supplements for weight loss and hormones for contraceptive purposes. The end result of this research project is to design a transdermal patch which releases insulin at the precise rates necessary.
GPSA Research Exposition Samples
Diversity of native bees in urban and rural diversified farming systems
Growth in the numbers of diversified farms that produce a wide variety of crops has been rapid in the United States, particularly in urban areas. Diversified farming systems are highly reliant on abundant and diverse native bee communities for crop production throughout a season. However, farmers often have a limited understanding of the native bee communities that provide pollination services on their farms, or the factors that affect them. Here, we characterized the native bee communities on a network of small-acreage diversified farms in western Washington. These farms were selected along a gradient of urbanization, and sampled for native bees three times (May, July, September) in 2014. These data were analyzed to determine if native bee communities were more abundant and diverse in urban compared to rural farming systems and in less intensive landscapes. Our results indicate that native bee community assemblages vary with landscape intensity and floral diversity. Moreover, our findings expound the importance of native bee conservation and augmentation in diversified farming systems, particularly those embedded in high intensity urban landscapes.
Visible-near infrared spectroscopy for bitter pit detection in apples
Bitter pit is a physiological disorder in apples. Some of the fresh market varieties (e.g. honeycrisp, granny smith, and golden delicious) grown in Washington State are susceptible to bitter pit disorder and pose great challenge to growers and associated industry by significantly reducing the produce utilization value. The apple bitter pit symptoms include brown, corky and roundish lesions on fruit which start developing internally before harvest and progress during storage. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop sensing technology for rapid detection of bitter pit in early stages on packing lines, to avoid packaging of such products. In this study, 20 samples of healthy and bitter pit were collected for each of 3 varieties of apples: honey crisp, granny smith and golden delicious and stored in cool condition. Visible-near infrared spectroscopy was used to collect spectral data on the samples in 0, 7, 14, 21, 35, 63 days after harvest. The X-ray computer tomography showed bitter pit patterns on the fruit surface and in internal parts. Visible-near infrared spectra indicated a change in the spectral signature between healthy and bitter pit affected fruits in the measured wavelength range (350-2,500 nm). We anticipate that with the identified spectral bands, a cost-effective and reliable sensing technique can be developed.